Chapter: Python Last Updated: 23-02-2021 03:13:25 UTC

Program:

` ````
/* ............... START ............... */
# Python program for Dijkstra's single
# source shortest path algorithm. The program is
# for adjacency matrix representation of the graph
# Library for INT_MAX
import sys
class Graph():
def __init__(self, vertices):
self.V = vertices
self.graph = [[0 for column in range(vertices)]
for row in range(vertices)]
def printSolution(self, dist):
print("Vertex tDistance from Source")
for node in range(self.V):
print(node, "t", dist[node])
# A utility function to find the vertex with
# minimum distance value, from the set of vertices
# not yet included in shortest path tree
def minDistance(self, dist, sptSet):
# Initilaize minimum distance for next node
min = sys.maxsize
# Search not nearest vertex not in the
# shortest path tree
for v in range(self.V):
if dist[v] < min and sptSet[v] == False:
min = dist[v]
min_index = v
return min_index
# Funtion that implements Dijkstra's single source
# shortest path algorithm for a graph represented
# using adjacency matrix representation
def dijkstra(self, src):
dist = [sys.maxsize] * self.V
dist[src] = 0
sptSet = [False] * self.V
for cout in range(self.V):
# Pick the minimum distance vertex from
# the set of vertices not yet processed.
# u is always equal to src in first iteration
u = self.minDistance(dist, sptSet)
# Put the minimum distance vertex in the
# shotest path tree
sptSet[u] = True
# Update dist value of the adjacent vertices
# of the picked vertex only if the current
# distance is greater than new distance and
# the vertex in not in the shotest path tree
for v in range(self.V):
if self.graph[u][v] > 0 and
sptSet[v] == False and
dist[v] > dist[u] + self.graph[u][v]:
dist[v] = dist[u] + self.graph[u][v]
self.printSolution(dist)
# Driver program
g = Graph(9)
g.graph = [[0, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 8, 0],
[4, 0, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0, 11, 0],
[0, 8, 0, 7, 0, 4, 0, 0, 2],
[0, 0, 7, 0, 9, 14, 0, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 0, 9, 0, 10, 0, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 4, 14, 10, 0, 2, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 1, 6],
[8, 11, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 7],
[0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 6, 7, 0]
]
g.dijkstra(0)
/* ............... END ............... */
```

Output

Vertex tDistance from Source 0 t 0 1 t 4 2 t 12 3 t 19 4 t 21 5 t 11 6 t 9 7 t 8 8 t 14

Notes:

- Shortest path algorithms are a family of algorithms designed to solve the shortest path problem.
- Shortest path algorithms typically operate on some input graph, GG. Graph has some vertices like VV, and edges, EE, that connect them. If the edges have weights, the graph is called a weighted graph.
- There are also different types of shortest path algorithms. From the graph we have to find the shortest path between point A and B. Please refer the program for clarification.

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